Comprehensive Plan 2010/pgs 1-10

ROYALTON TOWNSHIP

COMPREHENSIVE PLAN

Pine County, Minnesota

 

Royalton Township Board

 

Leslie Orvis:  Chairman

John Kemen:  Supervisor

Terry Lind:  Supervisor

Wendy Tchida:  Treasurer

Roberta Folkestad:  Clerk

 

Royalton Township Planning Commission

 

Leslie Orvis:  Chairman/Member

Terry Lind:  Member

Duane Swanson:  Member

Nancy Dahlin-Teich:  Member

Roberta Folkestad:  Clerk/Member

 

Planning Consultant

 

East Central Regional Development Commission

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                                Page

 

 I.      INTRODUCTION                                                          3

 

          Elements of the Comprehensive Plan

 

II.      SURVEY AND ANALYSIS                                           5

          History

          Location

          Population

          Housing

          Economic Characteristics

          Physical Environment   

          Existing Land Use

          Transportation

          Public Facilities

 

III.    GOALS AND POLICIES                                           16

 

IV.    DEVELOPMENT PLAN                                            18

 

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I.                         INTRODUCTION

 

The purpose of this Comprehensive Plan is to provide a means of guiding the present

and future development of the Town so as to insure a safer, more pleasant and more economical environment for agricultural, residential, commercial, industrial and public activities, to preserve open land, and to promote the public health, safety, and general welfare, in accordance with authorities granted in Minnesota Statutes 462.351 through 462.356.  This plan replaces the most recent Royalton Township Comprehensive Development Plan dated October 1989.

 

The Comprehensive Plan sets forth a unified group of basic goals and objectives, and general proposals which will enable the Town Board, the Planning Commission, and the citizens to review current and future issues and proposals against a clear picture of what has been decided as the most desirable plan for the future physical development and future character of Royalton Township.

 

Elements of the Comprehensive Plan

 

1.      Brief history of Royalton Township

 

2.      Survey and Analysis:  assesses those factors which have and will continue to influence development.  These factors will usually include the following; population, economy, physical and natural resources, land use, housing, public facilities and transportation system.  The survey and analysis stage involves not only gathering of background data about the community, but also an analysis of any problems or deficiencies in the existing system which should be corrected.

 

3.      Goals and Policies:  represent the values and desires of the citizens of the community relative to the growth and development of their community.  The goals and policies establish public positions to guide the decisions of the Planning Commission and Township Board concerning growth and development.

 

4.   Development Plan:  a generalized future plan which reflects the existing conditions identified in the Survey and Analysis section and the goals and policies of the community.  This section includes a future land use plan map which geographically locates the desired future land uses and development densities within the Township.

 

This Comprehensive Plan represents the desired future state of the physical development of the Town.  It provides the rationale and legal basis for the institution of official controls.  These official controls which may include a zoning ordinance will act to implement the goals, objectives and recommendations of the Comprehensive Plan.

 

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Finally, the Comprehensive Plan needs to be re-evaluated on a periodic basis and updated or amended, if needed.  There are several reasons why: one is a change in conditions in the community brought about through recent development.  Second, there may be changes in the goals and objectives of the community.  The Comprehensive Plan should also be consistent with any official controls in effect.  At any time the official controls are amended, the Comprehensive Plan should also be amended to maintain consistency.  A good indication of the need to update the plan and official controls is when the plan or controls are subject to frequent amendments.

 

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II.                      SURVEY AND ANALYSIS  

 

 

Royalton Township History

 

For centuries, Native Americans had used the area that would become Royalton Township.  The Snake River, which bisects the township, served as a transportation route and as a source of food.  After the land cessions of 1837, the land became available for logging and eventual settlement.  Elam Greeley settled near the Snake River in 1849. His settlement in section 15, complete with hotel and farm, was taken over by Royal C. Gray in 1854.  Small scale lumbering provided most of the economic activity.

 

Pine County was established in 1856 and was divided into four townships in 1874.  What became Royalton was first part of Pine City Township and later in 1874 it became part of Rock Creek Township.  On March 17, 1880, the county board of commissioners established Royalton Township, with the boundaries that exist today.

 

European immigrants began to arrive after the Civil War, with Germans settling in the far south, Danes in the southwest, and Swedes in the east central part of the township.  By the 1870s, the northeast section of the township had attracted many Germans; Swedes continued to settle throughout the township.  Lumbering gave way to agriculture, specifically general farming with concentration on dairy cattle by the turn of the 20th century.  The small communities of West Rock in the east central part (with a creamery, general store and Presbyterian, later a Lutheran, church), Greeley in the southeast (with a creamery, general store, and a Swedish Baptist church), and Clint in the southwest (with a general store, sawmill, and Swedish Methodist Episcopal church) provided economic and social activities.  Settlers in the northeast were oriented to Pine City and in the northwest to Grasston.

 

Seven country schools existed in the township: District 7 (Royalton or Bobtail School) in section 4, District 12 (West Rock School) in section 24, and District 124 (Stumne or Oak Hill School) in section 1 all eventually consolidated into the Pine City school system; District 14 (Clint School) in section 29 and District 41 (Hay Creek School) in section 17 joined with the Braham system; District 17 (Greeley School) in sections 27 and 34 became part of the Rush City school system; and District 63 which operated a school in the township on the north side of Snake River merged into the Grasston system and eventually became part of the Braham system.

 

By the end of 20th century agriculture still forms a substantial part of the township’s economy and its ethos, but most of the township’s residents find employment outside the town’s boundaries.

 

 

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Location

 

The Township of Royalton is located in southwest Pine County and is two miles west of the City of Pine City (Map l).  The Township is approximately sixty miles north of the Minneapolis – St. Paul metropolitan area and one hundred miles south of Duluth.

 

Population

 

An important factor in planning for future land uses and services is the demographics of the Township.  An analysis of past population trends and the projection of future populations can provide an insight into factors which have influenced past growth and those which will impact future growth.  The past and projected population for Royalton Township is shown in Table 1.

 

TABLE 1

 

PAST AND PROJECTED POPULATION OF

ROYALTON TOWNSHIP AND PINE COUNTY

1930 – 2010

 

ROYALTON TWP.

AS % OF

YEAR             ROYALTON TOWNSHIP                PINE COUNTY         PINE COUNTY

 

1930 (1)                       840                                          20,264                                     4.1

1940 (1)                       783                                          21,478                                     3.6

1950 (1)                       608                                          18,223                                     3.3

1960 (1)                       599                                          17,004                                     3.5

1970 (1)                       560                                          16,821                                     3.3

1980 (1)                       688                                          19,871                                     3.4

1990 (1)                       790                                          21,855                                     3.4

2000 (1)                       976                                          26,530                                     3.7

2010 (2)                    1,157                                         28,079                                     3.4

 

 

 

(1)                           Bureau of the Census

(2)                           ECRDC Population Projections based upon 2000 Census and State Demographer’s projections.

 

Table 1 indicates that Royalton Township and Pine County have experienced steady growth since 1970.  That growth is projected to continue.  The 2000 Census shows an increase that is continuing at the present time.  The Table indicates that Royalton Township has been assuming a greater percentage of the total county population.  This trend is projected to continue.

 

 

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TABLE 2

 

POPULATION CHANGE (PERCENT) FOR PINE COUNTY AND

ROYALTON TOWNSHIP, 1940 – 2000

 

                                                       1940-60*         1960-70*         1970-80*         1980-90**       1990-2000**  

 

Pine County    -7.9                  -9.8                  18.1                   8.7                 24.8

Royalton         -7.6                  -9.3                  22.6                 14.9                 11.7

 

Source:            *U.S. Census, 1940, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000

**ECRDC population projections based upon 2000 Census and State Demographer’s projections.           

 

Table 2 shows that Royalton Township had a 22.6 population increase from 1970 -1980, and is projected to continue to grow during the next twenty years.  The data in Tables 1 and 2 indicates that Royalton Township is expected to grow at a faster rate than Pine County.  This projection is made for reasons of the location and physical characteristics of the Township.  Growth and development has been increasing in areas close yet outside of the City of Pine City.  In recent years, an increase in housing development and platting has occurred in the Township.  The presence of a significant amount of shoreland is also a factor in the projections as these areas are attractions to development.  The population projected for Royalton Township for the year 2010 is 1157.

 

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TABLE 3

 

YEAR-ROUND HOUSING UNITS BY YEAR BUILT

 

Year                                                    Owner                                Renter

             Built                           Total                 Occupied                           Occupied

1999-2000                   06                    06                                            0

1995-1998                   29                    29                                            0

1990-1994                   46                    44                                            2

1980-1989                   59                    56                                            3

1970-1979                   55                    46                                            9

1960-1969                   23                    21                                            2

1950-1959                   21                    15                                            6

1940-1949                   18                    18                                            0

1939 or earlier             92                    88                                             4

Totals                        349                   323                                           26

 

 

Owner-occupied housing                                                         314

Renter-occupied housing                                                           26

Seasonal/recreational/occasional use vacant homes                    62

For sale                                                                                      5

Other vacant                                                                             12

 

Source:  U.S. Census Bureau

           

Housing

 

An analysis of housing characteristics is part of the community’s planning process.  This is because housing is an essential service needed by residents and the availability of housing stock is an important factor in the local environment and quality of life.

 

The majority of housing units in Royalton Township are newer units, built since 1960.  Table 3 indicates the year that the year-round housing units were built.

 

 

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TABLE 4

 

HISTORICAL, PRESENT, PROJECTED HOUSING UNITS

IN ROYALTON TOWNSHIP AND PINE COUNTY

 

                       

                                      

                             1970                            1980                            1990                           2000

                             Pop/Hsg. Unit                   Pop/Hsg. Unit               Pop/Hsg. Unit         Pop/Hsg.Unit

Royalton Rwp.           192 (3.2)                       270 (3.3)                        302 (3.1 )                  419 (2.85)
Pine County           7,102 (2.7)                   10,299 (2.8)                    11,033 (2.7)              15,353 (2.67)

 

Source:  1970 and 1980 -- U.S. Census Bureau
Source:  1990 and 2000 - 1980 pop./housing

ECRDC Projections based on 1980 population and number of housing units, and population projections.

 

Table 4 indicates that Royalton Township had a total of 419 housing units, including seasonal dwellings, in 2000.  The average number of persons per household is 2.85.  The number of housing units in Royalton Township is expected to increase.

 

 

TABLE 5

 

Change (Percent) of Housing Units

Of County and Royalton Township

 

 

1970-80                       1980-90                       1990-2000

               Royalton Township                    40.6                             11.8                                12.2

               Pine County                               45.0                               7.1                                10.5

 

Table 5 shows the change in percent of housing units in Royalton Township and Pine County.  The table indicates that between 1980 and 2000 the number of housing units increased for the entire county with Royalton Township experiencing a greater rate of increase.

 

Source:  U.S. Census Bureau

 

Economic Characteristics

 

The economic base of Royalton Township is diversified.  Economic activities within the Town are primarily agricultural with only limited commercial or industrial activities.  The employment of the residents, however, is distributed across the occupational classifications.  Private for profit wage and salary workers are the most common occupations according to the 2000 Census.  The average travel time to work for those not working at home was 34.6 minutes.  Table 6 indicates the occupations of the population.

 

 

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TABLE 6

 

OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYED PERSONS 16 AND OVER IN 2000

 


Subject

Number

Percent

 

 

 

EMPLOYMENT STATUS

 

 

Population 16 years and over

721

100.0

In labor force

528

73.2

Civilian labor force

528

73.2

Employed

509

70.6

Unemployed

19

2.6

Percent of civilian labor force

3.6

(X)

Armed Forces

0

0.0

Not in labor force

193

26.8

 

 

 

Females 16 years and over

349

100.0

In labor force

236

67.6

Civilian labor force

236

67.6

Employed

232

66.5

 

 

 

     
     

 

 

 

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

 

 

 

Employed civilian population 16 years and over

509

100.0

OCCUPATION

 

 

Management, professional, and related occupations

132

25.9

Service occupations

63

12.4

Sales and office occupations

86

16.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

12

2.4

Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations

111

21.8

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

105

20.6

 

 

 

INDUSTRY

 

 

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining

44

8.6

Construction

79

15.5

Manufacturing

116

22.8

Wholesale trade

11

2.2

Retail trade

50

9.8

Transportation and warehousing, and utilities

26

5.1

Information

4

0.8

Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing

8

1.6

Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services

22

4.3

Educational, health and social services

89

17.5

Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services

34

6.7

Other services (except public administration)

5

1.0

Public administration

21

4.1

Source:  U.S. Census Bureau 

TOTAL EMPLOYED PERSONS:                            329

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